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3D Printer

Configuring Marlin 2.0 for an Ender 3 / Pro and BLTouch

The Template

Firstly, you’ll need the Marlin firmware with the appropriate template settings.

  1. Start by downloading the latest stable release of Marlin from here and the configurations files here.
  2. Extract the zip.
  3. Copy the 4 files from config/examples/Creality/Ender-3 to the Marlin/ folder, overwriting the 2 already there.

Configuration.h

Open the new Marlin/Configuration.h file using a text editor suitable for code, like vscode. We’ll customise our configuration now:

  1. Change STRING_CONFIG_H_AUTHOR to clearly differentiate the configuration from the default
  2. Disable SHOW_BOOTSCREEN and SHOW_CUSTOM_BOOTSCREEN to save space by commenting out the lines (prefix them with //  )
  3. Ensure you have the correct BAUDRATE. The original Ender 3 was configured to 115200 by Creality, but the newer Ender 3 Pro (and newer Creality motherboards) default to 250000. You may be fine with 250000 on an older Ender 3.
  4. Change CUSTOM_MACHINE_NAME to represent your printer, e.g. "Ender 3 Pro"
  5. If you’re using a BLTouch ABL sensor:
    1. Uncomment #define BLTOUCH
    2. #define SERVO0_PIN 27 is not required to set up your BLTouch in Marlin 2.x, as it’s defined in the pins folder by default
    3. You’ll need to customise the offset between Probe and Extruder. In Marlin 1.x, this was done with XY and Z_PROBE_OFFSET_FROM_EXTRUDER. In Marlin 2.x, they’re now combined in NOZZLE_TO_PROBE_OFFSET. Instructions are in the comments. Using the Creality BLTouch Kit bracket, mine is { -43, -9, 0 }. It’s safer to leave Z as 0 here are calibrate this yourself later.
    4. To keep the probe away from the edge of the bed, increase MIN_PROBE_EDGE to 20
    5. You can increase XY_PROBE_SPEED to 10000 to speed up probing slightly
    6. Uncomment #define AUTO_BED_LEVELING_BILINEAR to enable bilinear ABL
    7. By default, bilinear ABL uses a 3×3 grid. You can change this by editing GRID_MAX_POINTS_X under EITHER(AUTO_BED_LEVELING_LINEAR, AUTO_BED_LEVELING_BILINEAR). Mine is set to 5, for a 5×5 grid
    8. Uncomment #define LCD_BED_LEVELING to add bed levelling menu items
  6. If your bed is non-standard, you’ll need to adjust the size and/or travel limits to make sure Marlin knows this. I use bulldog clips to secure a glass bed. To ensure the nozzle stays clear of the clips, I’ve changed the following: Y_BED_SIZE from 235 to 199, X_MIN_POS from 0 to -2, Y_MIN_POS from 0 to -24.
  7. Uncomment Z_SAFE_HOMING. This prevents your Z homing from occuring without prior X and Y homing. Without this, you may accidentally miss the bed when homing Z.
  8. To increase the homing speed, increase HOMING_FEEDRATE_XY from (20*60) to (40*60) and HOMING_FEEDRATE_Z from (4*60) to (8*60).
  9. If you want to use PID to efficiently heat your bed, uncomment #define PIDTEMPBED. You’ll need to calibrate this later.
  10. If you’re using a “silent” Creality board v1.1.4 or v1.1.5, you’re using TMC2208 drivers in standalone mode. Uncomment XYZ and E0_DRIVER_TYPE and set them to TMC2208_STANDALONE.
  11. To save space, uncomment #define SLIM_LCD_MENUS. This will remove many menu items that you won’t need if controlling using a PC or OctoPrint.
  12. To save space, comment out #define SPEAKER. This will stop fully disable the speaker.
  13. To save space if you won’t be printing from SD card, comment out #define SDSUPPORT.
  14. Save the file and close the file.

Configuration_adv.h

Open the new Marlin/Configuration_adv.h file in your chosen text editor.

  1. If you’re using a BLTouch:
    1. Uncomment #define BLTOUCH_DELAY and change from 500 to 200. This reduces the pause after each individual probe.
    2. Babystepping allows the nozzle to move a tiny amount without changing the recorded coordinates for the hotend. This is usually used for calibrating your Z Offset for a perfect first layer. You can increase BABYSTEP_MULTIPLICATOR_Z and _XY to 10 for faster motion.
    3. Uncomment BABYSTEP_ZPROBE_OFFSET and #define BABYSTEP_ZPROBE_GFX_OVERLAY
  2. If you want to use Linear Advance to increase your print quality at higher speeds, uncomment #define LIN_ADVANCE and set LIN_ADVANCE_K from 0.22 to 0, which will enable the feature but turn it off. Your GCODE will need to specify the K value, which you’ll calibrate later. You need different K values for different filament types. Note that LinearsAdvance is not compatible with the TMC2208 stepper driver in Standalone mode (using StealthChop), so will not worth with Creality “silent” boards v1.1.4 and v1.1.5.
  3. To save space, comment out #define ARC_SUPPORT. This feature is used by other types of CNC machines, but usually not 3D printers.
  4. If you want to display progress and time remaining from another system with the M73 command, such as OctoPrint, uncomment LCD_SET_PROGRESS_MANUALLY. If your system will also send the M73 R parameter to update the time remaining, uncomment USE_M73_REMAINING_TIME.
  5. Marlin watches the rate of temperature increase for hotend and bed. If it’s too slow, it will trigger an error and halt your print. If you have the windows open for ventilation and it’s cold out, this can be a problem. Increase WATCH_BED_TEMP_PERIOD a little if you have this issue.
  6. Save your changes and close the file.

To The Printer!

Take a copy of your `M503` output to save your current printer settings. You’ll need to put some of these back later.

Open Marlin/Marlin.ino with the Visual Studio Code, compile with PlateformIO and write the new firmware to your printer.

Run M502 to set all settings to those specified in your firmware files, then M500 to store these settings in the EEPROM.

Depending on your configuration, you’ll now want to calibrate your Z-Probe Offset, PID for Hotend and Heated Bed and Linear Advance, or set them from your previous values.

By Marc Dobler

I am 37 years old web enthusiast passionate about coding, who loves to create new things in web mostly using WordPress, with progressive web apps experience that com bine s the best of the web and apps.